I started out interested in public law, then I got absorbed in jurisprudence for quite a while. Now I research mainly at the intersection of the two areas. I like taking philosophical ideas about concepts relevant to law (eg, rules, powers, and mercy) and using them to deepen our understanding of public law doctrines (eg, about parliamentary sovereignty, the Crown’s prerogative, pardons). I co-author with Farrah Ahmed, Richard Albert, James Edwards, and Adam Tucker.

Works in Progress

‘Interpretive Theory in Public Law’ (with F. Ahmed)

‘Legal Fictionalism’

‘Pardons’ (draft)

‘The Power to Forgive’ (with J. Edwards) (SSRN)

‘Plan B: A Theory of Judicial Review’ (SSRN)


‘Law’s Boundaries’, Legal Theory (SSRN)


Enforcing Constitutional Conventions’, International Journal of Constitutional Law, 2019, vol. 17, pp. 1146-1165 (with F. Ahmed and R. Albert) (SSRN | published )

‘Judging Constitutional Conventions’, International Journal of Constitutional, 2019, vol. 17, pp. 787-806 (with F. Ahmed and R. Albert) (SSRN | published)

‘Strained Interpretations’, Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 2019, vol. 39, pp. 316-343 (SSRN | published)

‘Mercy’, Philosophy & Public Affairs, 2018, vol. 46, pp. 60-89 (SSRN | published)

‘Top-Down Constitutional Conventions’, Modern Law Review, 2018, vol. 81, pp. 765-789 (with A. Tucker) (SSRN | published)

‘Standing and Civic Virtue’, Law Quarterly Review, 2018, vol. 134, pp. 239-256 (with F. Ahmed) (SSRN)

‘Mercy and Caprice Under the Indian Constitution’, Indian Law Review, 2017, vol. 1, pp. 1-13 (SSRNpublished)

‘The Flexibility Rule in Administrative Law’, Cambridge Law Journal, 2017, vol. 76, pp. 375-398 (SSRNpublished)

‘Constitutional Statutes’, Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 2017, vol. 37, pp. 461-481 (with F. Ahmed) (SSRNpublished)

‘Mercy and the Roles of Judges’ in J. Jacobs and J. Jackson (eds), Routledge Handbook of Criminal Justice Ethics (Routledge 2016) 255-266

‘The Crown’s Administrative Powers’, Law Quarterly Review, 2015, vol. 131, pp. 652-672 (SSRN)

‘The Internal Aspect of Social Rules’, Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 2015, vol. 35, pp. 283-300 (SSRNpublished)

‘The Quasi-Entrenchment of Constitutional Statutes’, Cambridge Law Journal, 2014, vol. 73, pp. 514-535 (with F. Ahmed) (SSRN | published)

‘The Coherence of the Doctrine of Legitimate Expectations’, Cambridge Law Journal, 2014, vol. 73, pp. 61-85 (with F. Ahmed) (SSRNpublished)

‘Constitutional Conventions and the Prince of Wales’, Modern Law Review, 2013, vol. 76(6), pp. 1119-1128 (draft | published)

‘Expertise, Deference, and Giving Reasons’, Public Law, 2012, vol. 2, pp. 221-230 (with F. Ahmed) (SSRN)

‘Review: Parliamentary Democracy in Crisis’, University of British Columbia Law Review, 2010, vol. 43, pp. 269-279

‘Unlucky Section 13: Sexual Activity Between Children and the Sexual Offences Act 2003’, King’s Law Journal, 2009, vol. 21, pp. 327-339