I’m an Associate Professor in the Faculty of Law at the University of Oxford and a Tutorial Fellow at Brasenose College.

I write in the philosophy of law and public law. Lately I’ve been working on projects about reasonableness, group agency, and deference.  

Here’s my CV. My email address and contact information are on the first page.

Works in Progress

‘The Law Game’

‘Precedent and Fairness’ (SSRN)

‘The Power to Forgive’ (with J. Edwards) (SSRN)


Wednesbury Unreasonableness’, Cambridge Law Journal (forthcoming) (draft | SSRN)

‘According to Law’, Analysis (forthcoming) (draft | SSRN)

‘Interpretive Theory in Public Law’ in P. Daly and J. Tomlinson (eds), Researching Public Law in Common Law Systems (Edward Elgar 2023) (with F. Ahmed)

‘Consistency in Administrative Law’ in H. Kristjansson, S. Lewis, and T. Endicott (eds), Philosophical Foundations of Precedent (OUP 2023) (SSRN)

‘Plainly Wrong’, Modern Law Review, 2023, vol 86, no 1, pp 122-143 (SSRN | published)

‘Pardons’, Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy, 2021, vol 8, pp. 215-244 (SSRN | published)

‘Law’s Boundaries’, Legal Theory, 2020, vol 26, pp. 103-123 (SSRN | published)

Enforcing Constitutional Conventions’, International Journal of Constitutional Law, 2020, vol. 17, pp. 1146-1165 (with F. Ahmed and R. Albert) (SSRN | published )

‘Judging Constitutional Conventions’, International Journal of Constitutional, 2019, vol. 17, pp. 787-806 (with F. Ahmed and R. Albert) (SSRN | published)

‘Strained Interpretations’, Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 2019, vol. 39, pp. 316-343 (SSRN | published)

‘Mercy’, Philosophy & Public Affairs, 2018, vol. 46, pp. 60-89 (SSRN | published)

‘Top-Down Constitutional Conventions’, Modern Law Review, 2018, vol. 81, pp. 765-789 (with A. Tucker) (SSRN | published)

‘Standing and Civic Virtue’, Law Quarterly Review, 2018, vol. 134, pp. 239-256 (with F. Ahmed) (SSRN)

‘Mercy and Caprice Under the Indian Constitution’, Indian Law Review, 2017, vol. 1, pp. 1-13 (SSRNpublished)

‘The Flexibility Rule in Administrative Law’, Cambridge Law Journal, 2017, vol. 76, pp. 375-398 (SSRNpublished)

‘Constitutional Statutes’, Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 2017, vol. 37, pp. 461-481 (with F. Ahmed) (SSRNpublished)

‘Mercy and the Roles of Judges’ in J. Jacobs and J. Jackson (eds), Routledge Handbook of Criminal Justice Ethics (Routledge 2016) 255-266

‘The Crown’s Administrative Powers’, Law Quarterly Review, 2015, vol. 131, pp. 652-672 (SSRN)

‘The Internal Aspect of Social Rules’, Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 2015, vol. 35, pp. 283-300 (SSRNpublished)

‘The Quasi-Entrenchment of Constitutional Statutes’, Cambridge Law Journal, 2014, vol. 73, pp. 514-535 (with F. Ahmed) (SSRN | published)

‘The Coherence of the Doctrine of Legitimate Expectations’, Cambridge Law Journal, 2014, vol. 73, pp. 61-85 (with F. Ahmed) (SSRNpublished)

‘Constitutional Conventions and the Prince of Wales’, Modern Law Review, 2013, vol. 76(6), pp. 1119-1128 (draft | published)

‘Expertise, Deference, and Giving Reasons’, Public Law, 2012, vol. 2, pp. 221-230 (with F. Ahmed) (SSRN)

‘Review: Parliamentary Democracy in Crisis’, University of British Columbia Law Review, 2010, vol. 43, pp. 269-279

‘Unlucky Section 13: Sexual Activity Between Children and the Sexual Offences Act 2003’, King’s Law Journal, 2009, vol. 21, pp. 327-339

Teaching & Supervision

I’ve taught courses in Administrative Law, Constitutional Law, Constitutional Theory, Human Rights Law, Jurisprudence, Justice and Law, Mercy, and Precedent & Analogy. Here are some recent reading lists:

Legal Rights (2023)

Administrative Law (2023)

Constitutional Law (2022)

Justice & Law (2022)

Precedent in Law (2022)

Mercy & Law (2020)

I welcome enquiries from potential research students in any of the areas I work in.